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Archives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina organized in Sarajevo the exhibition Turkey and First World War on October 29th, on the occasion of the Republic day, the national holiday of Turkey
UNITED IN MEMORY
Autor: Bosniaks.Net
Objavljeno: 30. Oct 2014. 13:10:17
BOSNIAN / BOSANSKI

On the occasion of the Republic day of Turkey, Archives of the Federation organized the exhibition Turkey and First World War in the gallery Yunus Emre in front of the record-breaking number of visitors. The exhibition was opened on October 29th and will remain displayed for ten days. Adamir Jerković, director of Archives of the Federation, opened the exhibition, together with Cihad Erginay, Ambassador of Turkey to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Mehmet Akif Yaman, director of the Yunus Emre Institute.


Opening the exhibition – speech of director Adamir Jerković


In his opening address to a record-breaking number of visitors, director of Archives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Adamir Jerković, said:

Ottoman Empire was present on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina for almost five hundred years. Of course, it strongly influenced lives of people. You will notice that I did not say Muslims, but people in general, people who lived in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Turkey and Bosnia and Herzegovina share many connections, since they have been strongly bonded for several centuries of shared history.

Bosnia and Herzegovina gave many pashas and viziers to the Ottoman Empire, which evidently confirms the connection between the two people.

Bosnia and Herzegovina was an integral part of the Ottoman Empire, and in 1878, when the Ottoman Empire officially withdrew from this territory after the Congress of Berlin, Bosnia and Herzegovina remained a complete territory. Majority of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and primarily the Bosniaks, were disappointed because of the Ottoman withdrawal from this area. It is then understandable that after the withdrawal of the Empire, all news from Tsargrad were expected with particular attention.

The Ottoman entering the First World War was observed with great interest. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire was exhausted, devastated after numerous wars, exposed to the pressure from western countries which were eager to see the end of the Empire. They colloquially referred to the Ottoman Empire as a sick man from Bosphorus, which was led by a weak sultan Abdullhamid II.


Ambassador Cihad Erginay and director Adamir Jerković


During the First World War, a significant number of Bosniaks fought on the Ottoman side, which confirms the strong connection between the two peoples. That is particularly visible in the battle of Gallipoli. According to some sources, around 20,000 Bosniaks participated in that battle. The Turks ensured a great victory over the forces of the Triple Entente, which prevented the conquest of Tsargrad, and the ultimate goal of Britain and France was to completely remove the Ottoman Empire from the war and to create a sea connection with Russia. Several years after the famous battle, then president of Turkey, Kemal Ataturk, in an emotional speech said:

„You, the mothers who sent their sons from faraway countries, wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.“


Reminding of this battle and participation of Bosniak ghazis, as well as other Islamic peoples, in defending the country, the president Recep Tayyip Erdogan said:

“The Çanakkale Victory is just as much a victory for Turkey's Anatolia and Thrace as it is for all sister nations and brethren societies of the world.”


Ambassador of Turkey, Erginay, observes the exhibition


The very course of the Gallipoli battle waged from April 25, 1915 until January 6, 1916 is shown on the boards of the exhibition of Archives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Actually, the drama which the people of Turkey went through is presented on these boards. We can see the unfortunate and hasteful involvement of the Ottoman Empire in the war in 1914, then the course of the war, great casualties on the fronts, the battle for survival and independence led by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, dethronement of the Sultan, and establishment of the independent Turkey on October 29th, 1923.

This exhibition, which we devoted to the friendship of peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republic of Turkey, was organized intentionally on October 29th, the day celebrated in Turkey and its diplomatic and consular representations in the world, always reminding of the heavy casualties suffered for independent and free Turkey.

On this occasion, director Jerković also spoke about modern Turkey, referring to the president of Republic of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan as a new Ataturk of the 21st century, who united feelings and energy of whole Turkey.

With the exhibitions Sarajevo Assassination, Turkey and First World War, and The Great War, Archives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina can conclude a very successful year. We commemorated the centenary of the Great War, thus becoming one of the most prominent archives, and with the exhibition Srebrenica Inferno, which was shown across the world, we became an international archive, as stated by Adamir Jerković.

Ambassador of Turkey to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cihat Erginay, addressed the visitors of the exhibition and expressed his gratitude to Archives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the extraordinarily prepared exhibition about the history of Turkey.


Opening the exhibition – speech of director Adamir Jerković



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